You will start your day by enjoying a picturesque drive to the top of Mount Carmel.It’s a spectacular panoramic view of Haifa and its bay as well as the unique Bahai Gardens. After your photo stop, you’ll drive to Zippori, also known by its Greek name Sepphoris.
Zippori National Park, encompassing the ruins of the ancient Roman- and Talmudic-era city of Zippori, is located in the rolling hills of Lower Galilee, west of Nazareth.
The city knew many ups and downs. When Herod the Great was consolidating power over the country early in his reigon, Zippori fell to him without a battle. After Herod’s death, rebellions against the Romans broke out, which were quelled when the city was destroyed by the Roman governor Varus.
Zippori did not remain in ruin for long, Herod Antipas restored it so beautifully that Josephus Flavius described it as “the ornament of all Galilee.” Later, Rabbi Judah Hanasi moved the Sanhedrin from Bet She’arim to Zippori, where he redacted the Mishnah. The sages of Zippori also contributed to the Jerusalem Talmud, which was completed in the fourth century CE.
Christians and Jews lived together in Zippori from the fifth century on. The presence of a small Jewish community there during the middle Ages is revealed by a 10th-century letter found in the Cairo Geniza. Remains of the church Roman built commemorating St. Ann can still be seen.
The 4,500-seat Roman Theater, which has been partially restored, affords a beautiful view of the Galilee mountains and the Bet Netofa Valley. Other main attractions include a Talmudic-era residential quarter; the Crusader fortress; the restored third-century villa housing a magnificent mosaic; and the hauntingly beautiful “Mona Lisa of the Galilee.” The synagogue with its magnificent mosaic and the Nile Mosaic from the fifth century are also highlights, as is the 250-meter-long, first-century underground water system.
The tour is moderate. Partly paved. Including a very short uphill. Can’t be operated with wheelchairs due to the rocky sands at part of the site.
In private cars or vans the guide is also the driver. In groups there is a guide and a driver